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Handy Dandy Vegan Reference to Questionable Ingredients.

By admin | April 24, 2009


Acid casein – Made from milk. Bread and cereal enrichment. Acetate – Vitamin A, Retinol, Palmitate. It comes from fish liver oil, eggs and butter. Vegetarian sources are wheat germ oil, carrots and lemongrass. It can also be synthetic. Used in supplements, vitamins, lotions, perfumes, hair dyes and cosmetics. Activated carbon – Vegetable (within USA) or animal (cow bone). Sugar processing and water purification. Adipic acid (Hexanedioic Acid) – Synthetic, may contain extremely low amount of meat products. Processed food to impart a tart flavoring. Adrenaline – Adrenal glands of hogs, cattle, and sheep. Medicine. Afterbirth – Placenta, Oriteun, It is gotten from the uterus of dead animals is made up of wate matter that the fetus eliminates. It is supposed to be some miracle substance to remove wrinkles but there is no real proof that it works. It is found in masks, skin care products. Albumen – Egg white, blood, vegetable tissues. Usually derived from egg whites. Baked goods, cakes, cookies, pastries, candies and cosmetics. Albumin – Made from blood, eggs, cow’s milk or vegetable To add texture or to thicken food. Albumen is usually derived from egg whites in cosmetics. It is found in candies, cookies and sweets. Aliphatic Alcohol - Same as acetate. Allantoin – Cows, most mammals, many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics, creams and lotions. Ambergris – Whale intestines, synthetic or vegetable. Used in making perfumes and as foods flavoring. Whale ingredients cannot be used in products produced in the US. Amino acid - Animal, vegetable, synthetic and bacterial. Supplements, baked goods, cosmetics and shampoos. It is the building block of proteins. Aminosuccinate Acid - Aspartic Acid. Can come from either animal or vegetarian (molasses) sources. It is a nonessential amino acid. From in creams and skin care products. Amylase – Fungal, bacterial, animal (pig pancreas). Products (baked goods) where sugar comes from corn. It is an enzyme that breaks starch down to a more basic form. IUsed in medicines and cosmetics. Animal Bones (Bone Meal) – Used in vitamins as a source of calcium.amd ,au evem be ised om vegetaroma vota,oms, which is a good reason to only used vitamins that gaaranteed that they are Vegan Used fertilizers, vegetable compost, clay and toothpastes. Animal Fats (oils) – Can be added to cosmetics, body care products and foods.Animal Shortening - Can be lard, butter or suet. It is often just listed on packages as Shortening. In pie crust, cookies, refried beans, flour tortillas and crackers. Arachidonic Acid - A liquid unsaturated fatty acid in fat of animals and humans. Usually derived from animal liver. Creams and lotions to cure eczema and rashes on skin. Artificial Coloring - Usually synthetic, vegetable or animals. An additive to give color to food. Not found naturally in food. Artificial flavor – Usually synthetic, vegetable or animals. It is normally synthetic but sometimes animal products are used to process the flavoring. It is an additive that is used to replace natural flavors. Not found naturally in food. Aspartic Acid – See Aminosuccinate Acid. Aspic – An alternative to gelatin. Can be from animal, fish or vegetables.

Bee Pollen – Taken from the legs of bees. Found in toothpaste, shampoos, deodorants and supplements. Sometime it can cause allergic reactions. Beeswax – Comes from the honeycomb of bees. Found in cosmetics such as lipsticks, mascaras, skin creams,lotions and eye shadow. Used to make candles, polishes and crayons. Benzoic Acid - Derived from animals or berries. Used in deodorants, perfumes, mouthwashes and aftershave lotions. Found in drins and foods. Beta-carotene (Vitamin A) – Mainly synthetic or vegetable, but often animal products are use in the process to make it. Dairy products, cheese, ice cream, vegetables, cereals, beverages and sweets. It is often used as a food colorant to give food a light orange color. Somethings animal ingredients are used to help process synthetic and vegetable sources. Biotin ( B factor, Vitmain H) – Usually bacterial and vegetarian. Dietary supplements, cosmetics and shampoos. Blood – It is can be used in the cheese making process to give it a particular flavor. Used in medicines, plywood adhesive, foam rubber and ???intravenous feeding.??? Boar Bristles. The hair from hogs and it si used in natural toothbrushes, cosmetic brushes and hairbrushes. Bone Ash – The ash from burned bones. Found in cleaning items and polishes. In fertilizer and may be used in making ceramics. Boneblack – See Bone Char. Bone Charcoal (Bone Char) – Animal bone ash. Charcoal to filter sugar to make it white. Bone Meal - See Animal Bones

Calcium stearate - Usually animal (cow or hog), vegetable-mineral. – Vanilla, salad dressing, garlic salt and dry molasses. An additive to keep dry ingredients from sticking together or to get ingredients to mix together. Calciferol (Vitamin D, Calciferol, Ergocalciferol) – Can come from fish-liver oil, milk, butter and eggs. Vitamin DW can be made from yeast or plants. Vitamin D3 comes from fish-oil. Found in cosmetics, lotions and vitamins. Calcium Carbonate (Calcite, Aragonite) – It is a white powder. Derived from bones, shells, chalk, marble and plants. Calcium Hydroxide – White compould. Slaked lime. Used to make bleaching powder, alkalies and other itmes. Calcium Oxide – A white sold substance made from Calcium Carbonate. Used in plaster, ceramics and mortar. Calcium Phosphate – Comes from animals, bones and teeth. Used in medicines. Used to make glass, enamels and cleaning products. Cane sugar (Sucrose) – Vegetable. Animal bones are often used as a filter while processing it. Natural sugar. Florida Crystal Sugar and Jack Frost Sugar are not processed with animal bones. Capric acid (N-decanoic Acid) – Vegetable or animal. Ice cream, baked goods, sweets, beverages and artificial flavorings. An element in some fats used to make synthetic flavoring. red lollipops and food coloring Caprylic Acid – Cow’s or goat’s milk Coconut oil, palm oils, perfumes and soaps. Carbamide – See Ura. Imidazolidinyl Urea. Carmine(Cochineal or Carminic Acid) – Red coloring made from insects form the female cochineal insect. Candies, frozen pops, bottled juice, red apple sauce, colored pasta, “natural” cosmetics and shampoos. E120. Carmic Acid - See Carmine. Carotene – See Beta Carotene. Carotene – Provitamin A. Beta Carotene Animal, plants Coloring in cosmetics and vitamin A. Carbohydrate – Vegetable or animal (insects). Cornstarch and glucose. Casein – Milk protein. Added to dairy products such as cottage cheese, “non-dairy” creamers, cream cheese, sour cream, cheese. Added to imitation and soy cheese, breads and cereals. Cosmetics and hair preparations. It is often added to tofu cheese products. Caseinogen – See casein. Castor (Castoreum) – From beaver or muskrat genitals. Used in perfumes and incense. Castor Oil - Comes from castor beans. Uses as a medical remedy and in cosmetics. It is different from castor above. Castoreum – See Castor. Catgut – Made from the intestines of horses, sheep and other animals. It is a tough cord substances. Used in stringing musical instruments and tennis rackets. Surgical sutures. Cetyl Alcohol (Cetyl Lactate, Cetyl Myristate, Cetyl Palmitate, Ceteth-1) – Wax made from sperm whales or dolphins. It is banned to use ingredients from marine mammals in the US, but it may be found in products from other countries. Shampoos, deodorants lipsticks, lotions, rouges, nail polish removers and other cosmetic proeducts. Cetyl Lactate – See Cetyl Alcohol. Choline Bitartrate – See Lecithin. Clarifying agent- Animal (egg, gelatin, fish bladder), milk, mineral. Used to help filter out small particles out of liquids to make the liquid clear. Cochineal – Animal, insects. Juices, ice cream, fruit fillings, yogurt, pudding and sweets. Cysteine (L-cysteine) – Human hair. Bakes goods, breads, food supplements. It is an amino acid that is produced by the human body. Hair care products and creams. Cystine(L-cystine) – Human hair, horsehair. Food supplements. It is an amino acid that is produced by the human body.

Dextrose (glucose, corn sugar) – Vegetable. Animal bones may be use to filter it. Dicalcium Phosphate – Ruminant bones. Used as an animal feed addivitive and also used in toothpasste.Diglyceride – Animal (cow or hog), vegetable. Baked goods, peanut butter, chewing gum, whipped topping, sweets, drinks, ice creams and shortening. Used to mix ingredients that normally don’t mix together, such as water and oil. Disodium inosinate – Animal (meat or animal), vegetable, fungal. Canned vegetables, spreads, powdered soups and sauces. A flavor enhancer. Dough Conditioner – Usually mineral, but sometimes animal, vegetable or synthetic. Helps to make dough easier to handle. Such as glyceryl monostearate, potassium bromate, locust (carob) bean gum, monocalcium sulfate, benzoyl peroxide and calcium sulfate. Down – Feather from goose or ducks that may be found in warm down jackets, sleeping bags, pillows and quilts. They often come from slaughtered goose or ducks. Duodenum Substances – Digestive tracts of cows and pigs. Vitamin tablets and medications.

Egg Protein – Found in skin care products and shampoos. Elastin – Made from the neck ligaments and aorta of cattle. Supposed to be a special ingredient to add elasticity to aged skin and basically perform a miracle. There is no proof that any claim made about it are true. Emulsifier – Animal (cow, hog, eggs, milk), vegetable, synthetic. Processed foods, peanut butter, candies, dairy products, baked goods, soft drinks, chocolate and ice creams. It is used to keep unlike ingredients mixed together. Lecithin, mono- and diglycerides, calcium stearoyl, polysorbate and monostearate.Enzyme – Animal (cow, hog), eggs, vegetable, fungal, or bacterial. Cheese and baked goods. Protein added to food to change it. Rennet, which is used in the process of making cheese, may be derived from either an animal or vegetarian source. Examples are rennet, papain, pectinase, lactase, trypsin, protease and lipase. Pipsins, lipases, trypsins usually come from animals. Ergosterol – See Calciferol. Ergocalciferol – See Calciferol. Estradiol (Estrogen, Estrone)- Derived from pregnant mares’ urine and cow ovaries. Works like a drug. Found in birth control pills and for reproductive problems. Used in special creams as it is suppose to have some special effect on the skin, which of course there is no proof that this is true. Estrogen – See Estradiol. Estrone – See Estradiol.

Fat – Animal (cow or hog), vegetable. Tallow, lard, soybean oil and cocoa butter. Fatty acid - Animal (cow or hog), vegetable, synthetic. Used in lipsticks, food, cosmetics, bubble baths, soaps, shampoos, detergents, detergents and soap. Other name s can be behenic, caprylic, myristic, oleic, palmitic and stearic. Feathers (Keratin) – See Down. Fish Liver - See Cod Liver Oil. Fish Oil - Made from fish and marine mammals such as porpoises Found in shortening often in margarines. Used in candles, paints and soap. Fish Scales – Used in shimmery cosmetics in eye, shimmer dust and more. Fletan Oil - Derived from fish liver. Flavor enhancer – Animal (meat or fish), vegetable. Monosodium glutamate, disodium guanylate, disodium inosiante and soy sauce. It gives food a flavor, but has little or no flavor itself. Foaming agent – Usually animal or dairy-mineral. Sodium caseinate. Used to make food foam. Folic acid (pteroyl glutamic acid, folacin) – Usually synthetic or fungal. Could be animal, vegetable. Enriched food such as baked goods and macaroni. B-vitamin complex.

Gelatin – Hooves, cartilage, bones of animal. Jellybeans, marshmallows, yogurts, ice cream, cakes and frosted cereals. Shampoos and cosmetics, coating on pills and capsules. On photographic film which is a good reason to use a digital camera. Used as a thickener. Can be use for clearing fruit juices and wines. Glucose (Dextrose) – Fruits or animal tissues. Soft drinks, frosting, candies and baked goods. Glycerin – Glycerol Byproduct of soap manufacturing (usually is animal fat). Cosmetics, foods, toothpastes, mouthwashes, ointments, chewing gum, medicines and soaps.Glycerides (Mono-, Di-, Tri-glycerides) – Animal fat (cow, hog), vegetable, synthetic. Processed foods, baked goods, peanut butter, jelly, ice cream, chocolate, chewing gums, candies, beverages, shortening and whipped toppings. Used to mix ingredients that normally don’t mix together, such as water and oil. Most of them are vegetarian, but some may be animal-based. Glycerine – See Glycerin. Glycerol (Glycerin, Glycerine) – Usually vegetable, may be animal (cow, hog). Candies, baked goods, marshmallows, sweets and soft drinks. Preservative that helps retain moisture.

Guanine – Scales of fish. Shampoo, nail polish and other cosmetics.

Hide Glue – Glue that is derived from the hides of animals. Honey – By-product of bees and the bees are often killed when it is harvested. Horsehair – Hair from a horse. Hydrolyzed Animal Protein – Derived from animals. Hydrolyzed Milk Protein – Derived from milk.

Imidazolidinyl Urea – See Carbamide. Insulin – From hog or oxen pancreas. Used by millions of diabetics daily. Alternatives: synthetics, vegetarian diet and nutritional supplements, human insulin grown in a lab. Invert sugar (Colorose, Inversol) – Vegetable. This sugar may be processed with cow bones. If derived from sugar beets, it is not usually processed with cow bones. Baked goods and candy. Often non-vegetarian. Isinglass – Fish. Alcoholic beverages (white wine and chardonnay), some jelly deserts and other foods. It is a form of gelatin that is derived from the insides of fish. Isopropyl Myristate - See Myristate Acid. Myristyl – See Myristate Acid. Isopropyl Palmitate – Complex mixtures of isomers of stearic acid and palmitic acid. (See Stearic Acid.)

Keratin – Usually animal, chicken feather hair and nail and ground-up horns and hoofs.. What the amino acid tyrosine is often made from. Shampoos, hari rinses and permanent wave solutions.

Lac-resin (shellac) – Animal (insect secretion). Candy, fruit, pills. Combined in making wax. Lactic acid – Animal, milk. Pickles, frozen desserts, fruit preserves, candy, olives, yogurt, cheese, sauerkraut and chewing gum and foods produced by fermentation. Skin care products, drugs and adhesives. Sometimes in beer. Can be added to foods as a preservative or for flavoring. Lactic Acid– See Lactic Acid. Lactose (saccharum lactin) – Milk sugar from mammals. Used to sour milk, medicinal diuretics, laxatives baked goods, medicines, shampoos, cosmetics, and baby formulas.Lactylic stearate - Salt of stearic acid from tallow. Dough conditioner. Lanolin (Lanolin Acid, Lanolin Alcohols, Aliphatic Alcohol, Triterpene Alcohol) – Fat from sheep’s wool. Chewing gum, cosmetics, medicines, skin care products and ointments. Can often cause skin allergies. Lard -Fat from hog abdomens. In shaving creams, soaps, cosmetics. In baked goods, French fries, refried beans, and many other foods. Alternatives: pure vegetable fats or oils. Tortillas (sometimes), refried beans, processed foods, chewing gum, some baked goods and piecrust (sometimes). It is sometimes used in the production of maple syrup, but not usually by the larger producers. Lanolin Oil - Glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Skin care products, cosmetics and some medicines. Lanolin Acid or Alcohols – See Lanolin. Lanosterol – See Lanolin. Leather – Derived from cattle, sheep and alligators. Can also be called suede. Lecithin – Phospholipids from plants, animal tissues or egg yolk. Mainly from eggs and soybeans. Usually vegetarian. Baked goods, margarine, soft drinks, chocolate, candy, cereal, vegetable oil sprays and cosmetic. Lipsticks, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, medicines and eye creams. Waxy substance. L-Form – See Cysteine. Linoleic Acid - An essential fatty acid. Cosmetics and vitamins. Lipase – Enzyme from the tongue and stomach of animals (hog, cow), fungal. Cheese, ice cream, chocolate, cream and margarine. Used in making cheese and digestive aids. Lipoids (Lipids) – Comes from animals and plants. fatty substance.Luetein – Yellow coloring from marigolds or egg yolks. Food coloring for processed foods.

Magnesium stearate – Animal (cow, hog) – Mineral, vegetable-mineral. Sugarless gum, candy and pills. Used as a preservative or to mix ingredients that normally don’t mix together, such as water and oil. Maple syrup – Vegetable but may be processed with an extremely small amount of animal (cow or hog) or with butter. This is usually now only done by traditional, smaller producers. Most larger producers use a compound from a synthetic source to reduce foaming. Pancake syrup, candy, cereal. Holsum, Spring Tree and Maple Groves do not use animal-derived products to process their maple syrup. Marine Oil - Another name for fish oil. Methionine – Usually from egg and casein (dairy). Texturizer and for freshness in potato chips. It is an essential amino acid. Milk Sugar – Derive from lactose or milk. Mink Oil – From minks. Found in creams and cosmetics. Modified starch – Vegetable. Pie filling, gravies, desserts and sauces. Corn that has been altered. Animal products are used in making oleic, which is often used in making adipic acid, which is used to alter corn to make starch. Monoglyceride – Animal (cow or hog) fat or vegetable. Baked goods, peanut butter, chewing gum, whipped toppings, sweets, drinks, ice cream, shortening, margarines, cake mixes, candies and in cosmetics. Used to mix ingredients that normally don’t mix together, such as water and oil. Musk – As it is quite scare??? the musk in a muck incense is actually derived from a vegetable source that have a musky scent. Myristic acid (n-tetradecanoic) – Usually animal (cow or sheep). Processed foods, baked goods, ice cream, candy, cocoa flavoring, butter, chocolate, gelatin desserts and butterscotch. Component of fats used in food.

Natural coloring - Usually vegetable. Animal (insects). Processed foods, baked goods, beverages, candy, cereal, ice cream, pasta, dry mixes, margarine. Natural flavoring - Vegetables, animal (meat, fish, eggs, milk). Processed foods, baked goods, drinks, salad dressing and cereals. An additive to give flavoring to food. The problem with natural flavoring is that it is not necessary for food compnies to declare whether the natural flavoring comes from an animal or vegetarian source, so unless it is stated on the package that it is from a vegetable source it should be highly suspected. This is even true in health foods. Natural Source - See Natural Flavoring. Nuchleic Acid - Can come from animal or plant sources. Vitamins, supplements. Shampoos, conditioners and cosmetics. Nutritive sweetener - Vegetable, animal (insect), synthetic. Sucrose, molasses, aspartame, dextrose, corn syrup, fructose and honey. Sweeteners that have more than two calories per gram.

Octyl Dodecanol – See stearyl alcohol. waxy types alcohosl. Olean® – See Olestra®. Oleic acid(oleinic acid, Oleyl Alcohol, Oleyl Betaine, Oleamine) – Animal tallow, vegetable fats and oils. Cheese, candy, synthetic butter, beverages, baked goods, ice cream, vegetable fats, oils, soaps, lipsticks, cosmetics and nail polish. Fats that bind or flavor food. Olestra (Sucrose polyester, Olean) – Vegetable, synthetic. Often gotten from inedible tallow. Tortilla chips, potato chips, cheese puffs, crackers, lipsticks, nail polish, , creams The sucrose used to process it may be filtered by cow bones. A fat substitute. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearate Oleth-2, -20 - See Oleic Acid.Olyl Betaine - See Oleic Acid. Ox Bile (Oxgall) – from castrated bulls. Use in creams. Oxgall – See Ox Bile.

Palmitic acid (n-hexadeconoic, Fatty Acids) – Animal (cow, hog fats), vegetable oils, palm oil. Usually non-vegetarian. Baked goods, cheese and butter flavoring shampoos, shaving soaps, creams. Helps ingredients that don’t normally mix together, such as water and oil. Derivatives: Palmitate, Palmitamine,Palmitamide. Palmitic Acid - See Palmitate. Panthenol – See Depanthenol.Pearl Essence - See Guanine. PEG – See Glycerin. Pepsin – Hog’s stomachs. Cheeses, vitamins. A clotting agent.

Polypeptides: Obtained from slaughterhouse wastes. An alternative to rennet. Placenta – See Afterbirth. Polyethylene Glycerol - See Glycerin. Polyglycerol – See Glycerin. Polypeptides – See Afterbirth. Polysorbates – Derivatives of fatty acids which can be derived from either animals or plants. In cosmetics, foods. Pepsin – Enzyme from a pig or cow stomachs. Rennet to make cheese, digestive aids and vitamins. An enzyme that helps break down proteins. A clotting agent.Polysorbate – Animal, vegetable, synthetic. Derivatives of fatty acids. Baked goods, gelatin products, chocolate, ice cream, candy, soft drinks, nondairy creamer, salad dressing, spreads, artificial toppings, pickles and cosmetics. Used to mix ingredients that normally don’t mix together, such as water and oil. Pristane – Derived from the liver oil of sharks and whale ambergris. Used as a lubricant and and in cosmetic. Processing aid - Animal (cow, hog), egg, milk, vegetable, synthetic, mineral. Sugar, juice, beer, wine. Something added to foods during processing, and then is mostly or completely removed. It can be used to get rid of unwanted flavoring or coloring or aid in filtering. Progesterone – A steroid used in special fac e creams. Propolis – Resinous substance that comes from bees. Supplements and found in “natural” toothpastes. Deodorants, shampoos.Protease – Animal, vegetable, fungal, bacterial. Rennin, papain, lactase, pepsin, bromelain, trypsin. Dough conditioning, beer. A general term for enzymes that break down proteins. Provitamin A - See Beta Carotene. Provitamin B5 - See Depanthenol.

Quaternium 27 – Tallow. Fat from cows, pigs, sheep and may even be from dogs and cats from shelters. Used in cosmetics, conditioners, deodorants, lotions, soapds and candles.

Rennet – Animal (usually cow Enzyme from calves’ stomachs.), vegetable, bacteria, molds. Cheese, custard. Rennet is used in the processing of cheese. In many soy cheese brands. Rennin – Animal (usually cow), vegetable, bacteria, molds. Cheese, custard. Rennin is used in the processing of cheese. See Rennet. Resinous Glaze - Excretion of certain insects. Candy glaze, in hair lacquer.Retinol – See Acetate. Ribonucleic Acid – See DNA RNA – See DNA Royal Jelly - Honeybee secretion from their throat glands which is fed to the larvae. Cosmetics and supplements.

Sable Brushes - From the fur of sables (looks like a weasel). Used to make cosmetic brushes. Sea Turtle Oil (Turtle Oil) – From sea turles. Founds in skin creams, cosmetics and soaps. Sheepskin – Same as sheep leather. Shellac – Derived from the female scale insect Tachardia lacca. Used as varnish to coat wood and plastic. In sealing wax and electrical insulation. Silk = It is a fiber that silkworms use to form their cocoons. The silkworms are often cooked in the cocoons to get the silk. Used in cloth and silk curtains. Silk Powder - Made from the secretion of silkworms. Used to color soaps, face powders and other cosmetics. Simplesse – Milk, egg Ice cream, yogurt, margarine and salad dressings. Fat substitute. Egg may be used to process it. Snails – Sometimes crushed snails are ingredients in cosmetics. Sodium stearoyl lactylate - Animal-mineral (cow, hog), milk, vegetable-mineral. Baked good mixes, pudding mixes, pancake mixes, instant rice, coffee whiteners, shortenings, margarine, dehydrated fruits or vegetables. Used to condition dough or to mix ingredients that normally don’t mix together, such as water and oil. Spermaceti – See Palmitate and Sperm Oil. Sperm Oil -(Spermaceti, Cetyl Palmitate) – Made from the head or sperm whales and dolphins. Baned for use in the US. Used in cosmetic, shampoos, margarines and candles.Squalane (Squalene) – Made from the liver oil of sharks. Perfume fixative and lubricants. Squalene– See Squalane. Stearic acid (n-octadecanoic) – Animal (cow, stomachs of pigs, and sometimes from dogs and cats from animal shelters), vegetable. Food flavoring chewing gum, soaps, deodorants, creams, cosmetics and hairspray. Steroids, Sterols: Animal glands, vegetable. In creams, lotions, hair conditioners. Used in hormone preparation. Stearamide StearateStearin – See Quaternium 27. Stearyl Alcohol (Stenol) – Can comes from sperm whale oil Baned in the US. Used in shampoos, lotions, medicines and other body care itemsl. Stenol – See Stearyl Alcohol.Steroid – Can come from animal glands or from plants. Used to make hormone items. Hair conditioners, lotions, and creams. Sterol – See Steroid. Sucrose (sugar) – Vegetable. May have been processed by using cow bone filter. Suede. – Leather from animals. Surface-active agents(surfactants) – Such as sorbitan monostearate. Animal, vegetable, synthetic. Processed foods, cheeses, peanut butter and salad dressing. A general term for a food additive to process them.Surface-finishing agents - Animal, vegetable, synthetic. Fruits and baked goods. Beeswax, shellac wax, gum acacia, carnauba wax and paraffin. Put on food to make it look shiny. Normally vegetarian. Suet (Tallow) – White fat from kidneys and loins of animals. Margarine, shortening, pastries, cake mixes, cooking oils, soaps, candles, cosmetics, rubber, waxed paper and crayons.

Tallow (Suet fatty acid, Stearic Acid) – Fat from cattle, sheep, sometimes vegetable. Margarine, shortening, pastries, cake mixes, cooking oils, soaps, candles, cosmetics, rubber, waxed paper and crayons. Animal fat that is used to make baked goods more fluffy or to reduce the foam during the production of maple syrup, yeast and beet sugar. Tallowate – See Tallow. Turtle Oil - See Sea Turtle Oil. Tyrosine (L-tyrosine) – Animal (chicken feathers). Dietary supplements, suntan products. It is an amino acid that is produced by and needed by the body.

Urea, Carbamide: Excreted from urine and body fluids. Synthetically. In hair colorings, deodorants, mouthwashes shampoos, hand creams. Browning agents for food such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid - See Urea.

Vitamin A (A1, retinal) – Egg yolks, fish liver oil, vegetables, carotene in carrots, wheat germ oil, and synthetics. Supplements, “natural” cosmetics. Skim milk, milk, dietary infant formula, margarine, certain cheeses. Hair-dyes, cosmetics, creams, perfumes. Exist in milk, fish oil and eggs. Yellow and orange vegetables contain an ingredient that is transformed into this vitamin. Vitamin B – See Provitamin. Vitamin B Factor - See Biotin. Vitamin B12 – Found in all animal products Usually animal source. synthetic form is vegan Fortified foods and supplements. Vitamin D-3 - Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolk, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats. Alternatives: plant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine. Many other vitamins can come from animal sources. Examples: choline, biotin, inositol, riboflavin, etc. Vitamin D (D1, D2, D3) – D1 is produced by human skin when exposed to the sun, animal, vegetable Usually from animals. Cosmetics, lotions, creams. See Calciferol. D2 (ergocalciferol) – made from yeast or plants. D3 (cholecalciferol, calciferol) – Comes from lanolin or fish liver oil Vitamin D-3 is always from an animal source. Fortified foods and supplements. A vitamin needed for bone and teeth development. Wax – Vegetable, animal (insect- or cow), synthetic. Put on vegetables and fruits as a protective coating. Candy, chewing gum. Usually vegetarian.

Whey – Watery liquid that separates from milk Cakes, breads, cookies, candies, crackers. In cheese-making. It can often be made suing an animal-derived rennet.

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